This is a list of passages in the Bible containing the word, “slave.” When you read these, ask yourself how many of them sound perfectly wise, like some God would write, and how many sound more like a bunch of primitive tribesmen projecting their customs, values, and goals into an apparently barbaric ancient mythology. The Jewish culture didn’t just slightly influence the teachings in The Bible. It’s the manifesto of Jewish culture, and taken on a whole, it paints a clear picture of a tribal theocracy using violence to subdue its citizens and neighbors.
I challenge you to look up the context of these quotes on Bible Gateway.com or listen to the full chapters on YouTube. In most cases, you’ll either find a longer trainwreck of barbarism or at least more inapplicable, culturally-relative values, customs, and beliefs.
The number of absurd verses in the Bible point to the fact that, on a whole, by anybody’s standards, it’s not divine. Put yourself to the test. The Skeptic’s Annotated Bible made a list of every commandment in the Bible, titled “Every Jot And Tittle.” If you go through them and check which ones you agree with and practice, you’re going to pass over more than you tick. Nobody follows the majority of the Bible’s teachings because most of it is either immoral or archaic.
You may find some passages in the list below that sound positive and teach useful information, but you’ll find more that contradict the good ones. The Bible gets more wrong than it gets right, and you shouldn’t revere a broken clock for stating the obvious twice a day.
he said, “Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of SLAVES will he be to his brothers.”
He also said, “Praise be to the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the SLAVE of Shem.
May God extend Japheth’s territory; may Japheth live in the tents of Shem, and may Canaan be the SLAVE of Japheth.”
But I will punish the nation they serve as SLAVES, and afterward they will come out with great possessions.
[ Hagar and Ishmael ] Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, had borne him no children. But she had an Egyptian SLAVE named Hagar;
so she said to Abram, “The LORD has kept me from having children. Go, sleep with my SLAVE; perhaps I can build a family through her.” Abram agreed to what Sarai said.
So after Abram had been living in Canaan ten years, Sarai his wife took her Egyptian SLAVE Hagar and gave her to her husband to be his wife.
Then Sarai said to Abram, “You are responsible for the wrong I am suffering. I put my SLAVE in your arms, and now that she knows she is pregnant, she despises me. May the LORD judge between you and me.”
“Your SLAVE is in your hands,” Abram said. “Do with her whatever you think best.” Then Sarai mistreated Hagar; so she fled from her.
And he said, “Hagar, SLAVE of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” “I’m running away from my mistress Sarai,” she answered.
Then Abimelek brought sheep and cattle and male and female SLAVES and gave them to Abraham, and he returned Sarah his wife to him.
Then Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelek, his wife and his female SLAVES so they could have children again,
and she said to Abraham, “Get rid of that SLAVE woman and her son, for that woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.”
But God said to him, “Do not be so distressed about the boy and your SLAVE woman. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.
I will make the son of the SLAVE into a nation also, because he is your offspring.”
[ Ishmael’s Sons ] This is the account of the family line of Abraham’s son Ishmael, whom Sarah’s SLAVE, Hagar the Egyptian, bore to Abraham.
Then she told him this story: “That Hebrew SLAVE you brought us came to me to make sport of me.
When his master heard the story his wife told him, saying, “This is how your SLAVE treated me,” he burned with anger.
Now the men were frightened when they were taken to his house. They thought, “We were brought here because of the silver that was put back into our sacks the first time. He wants to attack us and overpower us and seize us as SLAVES and take our donkeys.”
If any of your servants is found to have it, he will die; and the rest of us will become my lord’s SLAVES.”
“Very well, then,” he said, “let it be as you say. Whoever is found to have it will become my SLAVE; the rest of you will be free from blame.”
“What can we say to my lord?” Judah replied. “What can we say? How can we prove our innocence? God has uncovered your servants’ guilt. We are now my lord’s SLAVES—we ourselves and the one who was found to have the cup.”
But Joseph said, “Far be it from me to do such a thing! Only the man who was found to have the cup will become my SLAVE. The rest of you, go back to your father in peace.”
“Now then, please let your servant remain here as my lord’s SLAVE in place of the boy, and let the boy return with his brothers.
His brothers then came and threw themselves down before him. “We are your SLAVES,” they said.
So they put SLAVE masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh.
Then Pharaoh’s daughter went down to the Nile to bathe, and her attendants were walking along the riverbank. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her female SLAVE to get it.
During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their SLAVERY and cried out, and their cry for help because of their SLAVERY went up to God.
The LORD said, “I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their SLAVE drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering.
That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the SLAVEdrivers and overseers in charge of the people:
Then the SLAVE drivers and the overseers went out and said to the people, “This is what Pharaoh says: ‘I will not give you any more straw.
The SLAVE drivers kept pressing them, saying, “Complete the work required of you for each day, just as when you had straw.”
And Pharaoh’s SLAVE drivers beat the Israelite overseers they had appointed, demanding, “Why haven’t you met your quota of bricks yesterday or today, as before?”
“Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being SLAVES to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.
Those officials of Pharaoh who feared the word of the LORD hurried to bring their SLAVES and their livestock inside.
But those who ignored the word of the LORD left their SLAVES and livestock in the field.
Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn son of the female SLAVE, who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle as well.
Any SLAVE you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised him,
Then Moses said to the people, “Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY, because the LORD brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothing containing yeast.
“In days to come, when your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a mighty hand the LORDbrought us out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY.
“I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY.
“Anyone who beats their male or female SLAVE with a rod must be punished if the SLAVE dies as a direct result,
but they are not to be punished if the SLAVE recovers after a day or two, since the SLAVE is their property.
“An owner who hits a male or female SLAVE in the eye and destroys it must let the SLAVE go free to compensate for the eye.
And an owner who knocks out the tooth of a male or female SLAVE must let the SLAVE go free to compensate for the tooth.
If the bull gores a male or female SLAVE, the owner must pay thirty shekels of silver to the master of the SLAVE, and the bull is to be stoned to death.
“Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and so that the SLAVE born in your household and the foreigner living among you may be refreshed.
“‘If a man sleeps with a female SLAVE who is promised to another man but who has not been ransomed or given her freedom, there must be due punishment. Yet they are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed.
But if a priest buys a SLAVE with money, or if SLAVES are born in his household, they may eat his food.
“‘If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and sell themselves to you, do not make them work as SLAVES.
Because the Israelites are my servants, whom I brought out of Egypt, they must not be sold as SLAVES.
“‘Your male and female SLAVES are to come from the nations around you; from them you may buy SLAVES.
You can bequeath them to your children as inherited property and can make them SLAVES for life, but you must not rule over your fellow Israelites ruthlessly.
I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt so that you would no longer be SLAVES to the Egyptians; I broke the bars of your yoke and enabled you to walk with heads held high.
Moreover, you haven’t brought us into a land flowing with milk and honey or given us an inheritance of fields and vineyards. Do you want to treat these men like SLAVES? No, we will not come!”
“I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY.
Remember that you were SLAVES in Egypt and that the LORD your God brought you out of there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the LORD your God has commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.
be careful that you do not forget the LORD, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY.
tell him: “We were SLAVES of Pharaoh in Egypt, but the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
But it was because the LORD loved you and kept the oath he swore to your ancestors that he brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the land of SLAVERY, from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
then your heart will become proud and you will forget the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY.
That prophet or dreamer must be put to death for inciting rebellion against the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt and redeemed you from the land of SLAVERY. That prophet or dreamer tried to turn you from the way the LORD your God commanded you to follow. You must purge the evil from among you.
Stone them to death, because they tried to turn you away from the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY.
Remember that you were SLAVES in Egypt and the LORDyour God redeemed you. That is why I give you this command today.
Remember that you were SLAVES in Egypt, and follow carefully these decrees.
If you are not pleased with her, let her go wherever she wishes. You must not sell her or treat her as a SLAVE, since you have dishonored her.
[ Miscellaneous Laws ] If a SLAVE has taken refuge with you, do not hand them over to their master.
If someone is caught kidnapping a fellow Israelite and treating or selling them as a SLAVE, the kidnapper must die. You must purge the evil from among you.
Remember that you were SLAVES in Egypt and the LORDyour God redeemed you from there. That is why I command you to do this.
Remember that you were SLAVES in Egypt. That is why I command you to do this.
The LORD will send you back in ships to Egypt on a journey I said you should never make again. There you will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female SLAVES, but no one will buy you.
The LORD will vindicate his people and relent concerning his servants when he sees their strength is gone and no one is left, SLAVE or free.
It was the LORD our God himself who brought us and our parents up out of Egypt, from that land of SLAVERY, and performed those great signs before our eyes. He protected us on our entire journey and among all the nations through which we traveled.
he sent them a prophet, who said, “This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: I brought you up out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY.
But today you have revolted against my father’s family. You have murdered his seventy sons on a single stone and have made Abimelek, the son of his female SLAVE, king over the citizens of Shechem because he is related to you.
1 Samuel 8:17
He will take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves will become his SLAVES.
1 Samuel 30:13
David asked him, “Who do you belong to? Where do you come from?” He said, “I am an Egyptian, the SLAVE of an Amalekite. My master abandoned me when I became ill three days ago.
2 Samuel 6:20
When David returned home to bless his household, Michal daughter of Saul came out to meet him and said, “How the king of Israel has distinguished himself today, going around half-naked in full view of the SLAVE girls of his servants as any vulgar fellow would!”
2 Samuel 6:22
I will become even more undignified than this, and I will be humiliated in my own eyes. But by these SLAVE girls you spoke of, I will be held in honor.”
1 Kings 2:39
But three years later, two of Shimei’s SLAVES ran off to Achish son of Maakah, king of Gath, and Shimei was told, “Your SLAVES are in Gath.”
1 Kings 2:40
At this, he saddled his donkey and went to Achish at Gath in search of his SLAVES. So Shimei went away and brought the SLAVES back from Gath.
1 Kings 9:21
Solomon conscripted the descendants of all these peoples remaining in the land—whom the Israelites could not exterminate—to serve as SLAVE labor, as it is to this day.
1 Kings 9:22
But Solomon did not make SLAVES of any of the Israelites; they were his fighting men, his government officials, his officers, his captains, and the commanders of his chariots and charioteers.
1 Kings 14:10
“‘Because of this, I am going to bring disaster on the house of Jeroboam. I will cut off from Jeroboam every last male in Israel—SLAVE or free. I will burn up the house of Jeroboam as one burns dung, until it is all gone.
1 Kings 21:21
He says, ‘I am going to bring disaster on you. I will wipe out your descendants and cut off from Ahab every last male in Israel—SLAVE or free.
2 Kings 4:1
[ The Widow’s Olive Oil ] The wife of a man from the company of the prophets cried out to Elisha, “Your servant my husband is dead, and you know that he revered the LORD. But now his creditor is coming to take my two boys as his SLAVES.”
2 Kings 5:26
But Elisha said to him, “Was not my spirit with you when the man got down from his chariot to meet you? Is this the time to take money or to accept clothes—or olive groves and vineyards, or flocks and herds, or male and female SLAVES?
2 Kings 9:8
The whole house of Ahab will perish. I will cut off from Ahab every last male in Israel—SLAVE or free.
2 Kings 14:26
The LORD had seen how bitterly everyone in Israel, whether SLAVE or free, was suffering; there was no one to help them.
2 Chronicles 8:8
Solomon conscripted the descendants of all these people remaining in the land—whom the Israelites had not destroyed—to serve as SLAVE labor, as it is to this day.
2 Chronicles 8:9
But Solomon did not make SLAVES of the Israelites for his work; they were his fighting men, commanders of his captains, and commanders of his chariots and charioteers.
2 Chronicles 28:10
And now you intend to make the men and women of Judah and Jerusalem your SLAVES. But aren’t you also guilty of sins against the LORD your God?
besides their 7,337 male and female SLAVES; and they also had 200 male and female singers.
Though we are SLAVES, our God has not forsaken us in our bondage. He has shown us kindness in the sight of the kings of Persia: He has granted us new life to rebuild the house of our God and repair its ruins, and he has given us a wall of protection in Judah and Jerusalem.
Although we are of the same flesh and blood as our fellow Jews and though our children are as good as theirs, yet we have to subject our sons and daughters to SLAVERY. Some of our daughters have already been ENSLAVED, but we are powerless, because our fields and our vineyards belong to others.”
besides their 7,337 male and female SLAVES; and they also had 245 male and female singers.
They refused to listen and failed to remember the miracles you performed among them. They became stiff-necked and in their rebellion appointed a leader in order to return to their SLAVERY. But you are a forgiving God, gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love. Therefore you did not desert them,
“But see, we are SLAVES today, SLAVES in the land you gave our ancestors so they could eat its fruit and the other good things it produces.
For I and my people have been sold to be destroyed, killed and annihilated. If we had merely been sold as male and female SLAVES, I would have kept quiet, because no such distress would justify disturbing the king.”
Captives also enjoy their ease; they no longer hear the SLAVE driver’s shout.
The small and the great are there, and the SLAVES are freed from their owners.
Like a SLAVE longing for the evening shadows, or a hired laborer waiting to be paid,
Will it make an agreement with you for you to take it as your SLAVE for life?
and he sent a man before them— Joseph, sold as a SLAVE.
As the eyes of SLAVES look to the hand of their master, as the eyes of a female SLAVE look to the hand of her mistress, so our eyes look to the LORD our God, till he shows us his mercy.
It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury— how much worse for a SLAVE to rule over princes!
The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is SLAVE to the lender.
I bought male and female SLAVES and had other SLAVES who were born in my house. I also owned more herds and flocks than anyone in Jerusalem before me.
I have seen SLAVES on horseback, while princes go on foot like SLAVES.
Is Israel a servant, a SLAVE by birth? Why then has he become plunder?
The word came to Jeremiah from the Lord after King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to proclaim freedom for the SLAVES. Everyone was to free their Hebrew SLAVES, both male and female; no one was to hold a fellow Hebrew in bondage. So all the officials and people who entered into this covenant agreed that they would free their male and female SLAVES and no longer hold them in bondage. They agreed, and set them free. But afterward they changed their minds and took back the SLAVES they had freed and ENSLAVED them again.
Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah: “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: I made a covenant with your ancestors when I brought them out of Egypt, out of the land of SLAVERY. I said, ‘Every seventh year each of you must free any fellow Hebrews who have sold themselves to you. After they have served you six years, you must let them go free.’ Your ancestors, however, did not listen to me or pay attention to me. Recently you repented and did what is right in my sight: Each of you proclaimed freedom to your own people. You even made a covenant before me in the house that bears my Name. But now you have turned around and profaned my name; each of you has taken back the male and female SLAVES you had set free to go where they wished. You have forced them to become your SLAVES again.
“Therefore this is what the Lord says: You have not obeyed me; you have not proclaimed freedom to your own people. So I now proclaim ‘freedom’ for you, declares the Lord—‘freedom’ to fall by the sword, plague and famine. I will make you abhorrent to all the kingdoms of the earth. Those who have violated my covenant and have not fulfilled the terms of the covenant they made before me, I will treat like the calf they cut in two and then walked between its pieces. The leaders of Judah and Jerusalem, the court officials, the priests and all the people of the land who walked between the pieces of the calf, I will deliver into the hands of their enemies who want to kill them. Their dead bodies will become food for the birds and the wild animals.
“I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah and his officials into the hands of their enemies who want to kill them, to the army of the king of Babylon, which has withdrawn from you. I am going to give the order, declares the Lord, and I will bring them back to this city. They will fight against it, take it and burn it down. And I will lay waste the towns of Judah so no one can live there.”
How deserted lies the city, once so full of people! How like a widow is she, who once was great among the nations! She who was queen among the provinces has now become a SLAVE.
SLAVES rule over us, and there is no one to free us from their hands.
It is decreed that Nineveh be exiled and carried away. Her female SLAVES moan like doves and beat on their breasts.
I will surely raise my hand against them so that their SLAVES will plunder them. Then you will know that the LORD Almighty has sent me.
[ Breaking Covenant Through Blemished Sacrifices ] “A son honors his father, and a SLAVE his master. If I am a father, where is the honor due me? If I am a master, where is the respect due me?” says the LORD Almighty. “It is you priests who show contempt for my name. “But you ask, ‘How have we shown contempt for your name?’
and whoever wants to be first must be your SLAVE—
and whoever wants to be first must be SLAVE of all.
They answered him, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never been SLAVES of anyone. How can you say that we shall be set free?”
Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a SLAVE to sin.
Now a SLAVE has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever.
But I will punish the nation they serve as SLAVES,’ God said, ‘and afterward they will come out of that country and worship me in this place.’
“Because the patriarchs were jealous of Joseph, they sold him as a SLAVE into Egypt. But God was with him
[ Paul and Silas in Prison ] Once when we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a female SLAVE who had a spirit by which she predicted the future. She earned a great deal of money for her owners by fortune-telling.
For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body ruled by sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be SLAVES to sin—
Don’t you know that when you offer yourselves to someone as obedient SLAVES, you are SLAVES of the one you obey—whether you are SLAVES to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which leads to righteousness?
But thanks be to God that, though you used to be SLAVES to sin, you have come to obey from your heart the pattern of teaching that has now claimed your allegiance.
You have been set free from sin and have become SLAVES to righteousness.
I am using an example from everyday life because of your human limitations. Just as you used to offer yourselves as SLAVES to impurity and to ever-increasing wickedness, so now offer yourselves as SLAVES to righteousness leading to holiness.
When you were SLAVES to sin, you were free from the control of righteousness.
But now that you have been set free from sin and have become SLAVES of God, the benefit you reap leads to holiness, and the result is eternal life.
We know that the law is spiritual; but I am unspiritual, sold as a SLAVE to sin.
Thanks be to God, who delivers me through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, I myself in my mind am a SLAVE to God’s law, but in my sinful nature a SLAVE to the law of sin.
The Spirit you received does not make you SLAVES, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship. And by him we cry, “Abba, Father.”
1 Corinthians 7:21
Were you a SLAVE when you were called? Don’t let it trouble you—although if you can gain your freedom, do so.
1 Corinthians 7:22
For the one who was a SLAVE when called to faith in the Lord is the Lord’s freed person; similarly, the one who was free when called is Christ’s SLAVE.
1 Corinthians 7:23
You were bought at a price; do not become SLAVES of human beings.
1 Corinthians 9:19
[ Paul’s Use of His Freedom ] Though I am free and belong to no one, I have made myself a SLAVE to everyone, to win as many as possible.
1 Corinthians 9:27
No, I strike a blow to my body and make it my SLAVE so that after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified for the prize.
1 Corinthians 12:13
For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, SLAVE or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.
This matter arose because some false believers had infiltrated our ranks to spy on the freedom we have in Christ Jesus and to make us SLAVES.
There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither SLAVE nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
What I am saying is that as long as an heir is underage, he is no different from a SLAVE, although he owns the whole estate.
So also, when we were underage, we were in SLAVERY under the elemental spiritual forces of the world.
So you are no longer a SLAVE, but God’s child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir.
[ Paul’s Concern for the Galatians ] Formerly, when you did not know God, you were SLAVES to those who by nature are not gods.
For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the SLAVE woman and the other by the free woman.
His son by the SLAVE woman was born according to the flesh, but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a divine promise.
These things are being taken figuratively: The women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be SLAVES: This is Hagar.
Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in SLAVERY with her children.
But what does Scripture say? “Get rid of the SLAVE woman and her son, for the SLAVE woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with the free woman’s son.”
Therefore, brothers and sisters, we are not children of the SLAVE woman, but of the free woman.
[ Freedom in Christ ] It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of SLAVERY.
SLAVES, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, and with sincerity of heart, just as you would obey Christ.
Obey them not only to win their favor when their eye is on you, but as SLAVES of Christ, doing the will of God from your heart.
because you know that the Lord will reward each one for whatever good they do, whether they are SLAVE or free.
And masters, treat your SLAVES in the same way. Do not threaten them, since you know that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no favoritism with him.
Here there is no Gentile or Jew, circumcised or uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, SLAVE or free, but Christ is all, and is in all.
SLAVES, obey your earthly masters in everything; and do it, not only when their eye is on you and to curry their favor, but with sincerity of heart and reverence for the Lord.
Masters, provide your SLAVES with what is right and fair, because you know that you also have a Master in heaven.
1 Timothy 1:10
for the sexually immoral, for those practicing homosexuality, for SLAVE traders and liars and perjurers—and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine
1 Timothy 5:1
[ Widows, Elders and SLAVES ] Do not rebuke an older man harshly, but exhort him as if he were your father. Treat younger men as brothers,
1 Timothy 6:1
All who are under the yoke of SLAVERY should consider their masters worthy of full respect, so that God’s name and our teaching may not be slandered.
1 Timothy 6:2
Those who have believing masters should not show them disrespect just because they are fellow believers. Instead, they should serve them even better because their masters are dear to them as fellow believers and are devoted to the welfare of their SLAVES. [ False Teachers and the Love of Money ] These are the things you are to teach and insist on.
Teach SLAVES to be subject to their masters in everything, to try to please them, not to talk back to them,
no longer as a SLAVE, but better than a SLAVE, as a dear brother. He is very dear to me but even dearer to you, both as a fellow man and as a brother in the Lord.
and free those who all their lives were held in SLAVERY by their fear of death.
1 Peter 2:16
Live as free people, but do not use your freedom as a cover-up for evil; live as God’s SLAVES.
1 Peter 2:18
SLAVES, in reverent fear of God submit yourselves to your masters, not only to those who are good and considerate, but also to those who are harsh.
2 Peter 2:19
They promise them freedom, while they themselves are SLAVES of depravity—for “people are SLAVES to whatever has mastered them.”
Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and everyone else, both SLAVE and free, hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains.
It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and SLAVE, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads,
cargoes of cinnamon and spice, of incense, myrrh and frankincense, of wine and olive oil, of fine flour and wheat; cattle and sheep; horses and carriages; and human beings sold as SLAVES.
so that you may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and the mighty, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and SLAVE, great and small.”